The history of Camigliano dates back to a very ancient time. The Etruscans most certainly dwelled here, coming from the coast of Maremma and following the Ombrone river up-country.It then became a village of regional relevance in the High Middle Ages, and outpost of Montalcino in the XVI Century, when it stoutly defended the republican self-government and the ideal of freedom.
A characteristic land of Italian mezzadria, a word that defines the local system of sharecropping lease, Camigliano has always been devoted to the growing of grape vines and the cultivation of olive trees.
In the aftermath of World War II, the town experienced the typical outbound migration of an industrializing Country, a demographic trend that made Camigliano a distinctive example of rural district in central Italy.
The symbol of Camigliano, retrieved in a seal of the XIII Century, is possibly linked to the ancient guild of camilli, an institution formed at the times of Roman Emperor Diocleziano, when hereditary craft guilds were born. A group of them probably originated the very first settlement of the area, leaving Rome towards North. History delivered to us untouched the badge of the town and its place name.